c. 1200, religioun , “state out of existence limited by monastic vows,” including “step otherwise perform showing a conviction during the a divine fuel and you can reverence for and desire to delight it,” off Anglo-French religiun (11c.), Dated French faith , relegion “piety, devotion; spiritual society,” and you may right from Latin religionem (nominative religio ) “regard for just what try sacred, reverence for the gods; conscientiousness, sense of correct, ethical obligation; concern with the new gods; divine service, spiritual observance; a religion, a faith, a mode out-of praise, cult; sanctity, holiness,” for the Late Latin “monastic existence” (5c.).
That it noun regarding action was derived from the Cicero from relegere “go through once more” (during the understanding or in envision), from re- “again” (discover re also-) + legere “read” (find lecture (letter.)). not, preferred etymology among later on ancients (Servius, Lactantius, Augustine) and also the translation of many progressive writers links it with religare “so you’re able to bind fast” (find count), via the notion of “put a duty for the,” otherwise “bond anywhere between human beings and gods.” In this case, the newest lso are- is rigorous.
From inside the English, this is “particular program off believe regarding worship off a good divine are or beings” is via c. 1300; the feeling off “detection from and you can allegiance in the technique of lifetime (regarded as justly owed) to a higher, unseen stamina or energies” are away from 1530s.
Entries connecting in order to Religion
word-creating ability definition “right back, back away from, returning to the initial put;” including “once more, anew, again,” plus conveying the idea of “undoing” otherwise “backwards,” etcetera. (find experience development less than), c. 1200, out of Old French lso are- and straight from Latin re- an indivisible prefix meaning “again; back; anew, facing.”
Watkins (2000) makes reference to that it just like the a good “Latin merging form conceivably away from Indo-European *wret- , metathetical variation of *wert- “to show.” De Vaan says the fresh “merely acceptable etymology” because of it was an effective 2004 factor and therefore reconstructs https://datingranking.net/cs/parship-recenze/ a root within the Cake *ure “back.”
From inside the first Latin new prefix turned into yellow- prior to vowels and you may h- , an application managed from inside the redact, redeem, redolent, redundant, redintegrate , and you may, in the disguise, offer (v.). In some English conditions out of French and you will Italian re also- looks like ra- therefore the adopting the consonant can often be twofold (get a hold of rally (v.1)).
The numerous definitions in the concept of “back” bring lso are- the large feel-range: “a rotating back; opposition; maintenance to help you an old condition; “changeover to help you an opposing condition.” In the expanded sensory faculties during the “once again,” re- gets “repetition of an action,” and in that it feel it is rather preferred since the an excellent formative factor in English, applicable to the verb. OED produces that it’s “impossible to test a complete list of all the variations ensuing from the fool around with,” and you may contributes you to definitely “How many this type of is nearly unlimited . “
Commonly just intensive, plus a few of the older borrowings regarding French and Latin the precise sense of re also- is actually forgotten, destroyed within the supplementary sensory faculties, or poor past detection, as a result it has no visible semantic posts (located, recommend, get well, eliminate, recreate, recommend, faith, are still, request, require). Here seem to have come way more such terms and conditions for the Center English than just immediately following, e.grams. recomfort (v.) “to spirits, console; encourage;” recourse (n.) “something, ways, course.” Get well during the Middle English and additionally you will definitely suggest “receive, win” (pleasure, a kingdom, etcetera.) no thought of delivering some thing straight back, and “obtain the upper hands, overcome; started to;” also consider the latest courtroom feeling of healing because “obtain (property) from the wisdom otherwise court process.”
And you will, on account of voice transform and you may feature shifts, re- sometimes entirely will lose its name because the good prefix (break the rules, relic, remnant, restive, others (n.2) “rest,” rally (v.1) “gather”). In a few terms and conditions it is quicker in order to r-, as with ransom (a doublet away from redemption), rampart, an such like.
It absolutely was utilized away from Center English inside the developing terms and conditions off Germanic in addition to Latin issues (rebuild, fill-up, reset, rewrite), and you may was utilized very even in Old French (feel dissapointed about, respect, reward, etc.).
c. 1300, “composed really works, literature;” later 14c., “reading off books,” off Gothic Latin lectura “a studying,” of Latin lectus , past participle away from legere “to learn,” in the first place “to get, collect, pick out, choose” (evaluate decide), from Cake means *leg- (1) “to collect, gather,” that have derivatives meaning “to speak (so you’re able to ‘pick out words’).” Therefore to see try, possibly, etymologically, so you can “pick out terminology.”
The sense from “a studying out loud, step away from understanding out loud” (either in divine praise or even people) for the English came up very early 15c. Compared to “a discourse towards the confirmed subject just before an audience to possess motives off education” is regarding 1530s. Meaning “admonitory message provided that have a viewpoint so you’re able to reproof otherwise modification” try off c. 1600. Lecture-place was regarding 1793; lecture-hallway out-of 1832. For the Greek the language still encountered the twice sensory faculties according to “to speak” and you will “to collect” ( apologos “a narrative, tale, fable;” elaiologos “an olive gatherer”).